What does TPLO represent?
Tibial Plateau Levelling Osteotomy- also known as TPLO - is a type of surgical procedure that is used to treat cranial cruciate tendon tear in the knee joints of dogs.
It includes transforming the angle of the top of the shin bone (the tibial plateau) by reducing the bone, revolving it, and fixing it in a new placement with a plate and screws.
Back leg lameness in pets - and mostly dogs - happens mainly due to cranial cruciate ligament tear. Thus, needless to say, one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures performed in a clinic is TPLO.
How to prepare your house for your dog’s TPLO surgery
Before your dog’s surgical treatment, you need to consult with your vet about how to best constrain your dog throughout its recovery. Making your dog as comfortable as possible is equally as vital as a great recovery strategy.
Since your dog's wheelchair will be limited, we advise taking the following actions:
- If your dog is crate-trained, find a crate that's big enough for her to stand up while inside and turn around.
- Make a gated-off place in your home, such as the kitchen area or living space to limit her to particular areas.
- Spaces with hardwood floors, ceramic tile, or linoleum can be especially difficult for dogs to walk on, especially after surgical procedures. If the area you've chosen has unsafe surface areas like these, be sure to place some throw rugs with rubber backing on the floor to assist your dog walk faster and smoother.
How the TPLO surgery works
The TPLO surgery has to be done by a professional surgeon since it is a crucial procedure to fix a dog’s cruciate ligament rupture.
The TPLO treatment is a technique to fix a cruciate ligament tear. The surgery helps stabilize the ligament as well as decrease additional osteoarthritis progression.
Before the surgery
Before the surgery, the team makes sure to carefully place a digital x-ray to initiate the procedure. The doctor will check and clean the knee, by removing the remnants.
They do this by making a small laceration to have a look inside arthroscopically or by opening the joint to look within with the help of a mini camera.
Throughout the surgery
Throughout the surgery, the specialist cuts the tibial plateau and rearranges it at a 5 level angle. The specialist performs the TPLO by reducing, turning, and then repositioning the shin.
The bone graft is fixed well by using a steady bone plate and screws. Additionally, a “meniscal release” will be performed if the crescent is not harmed.
After the surgery
After the surgery, the digital x-ray will once again come to help to get a look at the new angle of the shin and how the placement of the screws and/or plates is looking, while the incision site will be protected by applying a plaster.
Your dog will be given an anesthetic, and in most cases, you will be required to leave your dog in the hospital overnight. The team at the clinic will also give medicines and antibiotics.
Why TPLO surgery for dogs?
A dog’s CCL, which is similar to a human’s anterior cruciate tendon (ACL) in their knee, can degenerate or weaken with time for different reasons. Since the CCL damages gradually, it can tear off with apparently marginal trauma.
A CCL tear is the leading source of a back arm or leg lameness in dogs and can create instability in the stifle (knee) joint. TPLO is often suggested for middle-to-large-breed dogs, along with agility dogs, as it recovers them closer to normal functioning.
Lots of dogs go through injuries such as fractures, CCL tears, and other orthopedic conditions. In this article, we will be talking about what a TPLO surgery is, how does it work, and most importanly, why would your dog go through a TPLO surgery? Click here to learn more!